Making the skin stay well hydrated using creams or ointments (with a low water and high oil content) along with avoiding over-bathing is a big step in treatment. It’s recommended that you apply emollient creams like petrolatum-based creams to the body right after a five-minute lukewarm bath to seal in moisture while the body’s still wet. Lifestyle modifications to avoid the triggers for the condition should be made.
Corticosteroid creams are sometimes prescribed to lower the inflammatory reaction at the skin. These can be mild-, medium-, or high-potency corticosteroid creams depending upon the severity of the symptoms. If the itching is severe, oral antihistamines can be prescribed. To control itching, sedative type antihistamine drugs (for example Benadryl and Atarax or Vistaril) are the most effective.
Some times a short course of oral corticosteroids (like Prednisone) can be prescribed to control an acute outbreak of eczema, while the long-term use is discouraged in the treatment of this non life-threatening condition due to unpleasant and potentially harmful side effects. The oral immunosuppressant drugs like cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune) and methotrexate (Trexall) have also been used to treat severe cases of eczema that don’t respond to conventional treatment. Ultraviolet light therapy (phototherapy) is another option for some people with eczema.