Herpes simplex type 1 is spread through oral secretions or sores on the skin, and it can be spread by kissing or sharing objects like toothbrushes or eating utensils. Normally, a person can only get herpes type 2 infection through sexual contact with someone else who has a genital HSV-2 infection. It’s important to know that both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can also be spread when there are no sores.
Pregnant women with genital herpes need to talk to their doctor because genital herpes can be passed on to the baby during childbirth.
For a lot of people who have the herpes virus, that can go through periods of being dormant, attacks (or outbreaks) can be created by any of the following conditions:
General illness (from mild illnesses to serious conditions)
Physical or emotional stress
Immunosuppression because of AIDS or such medications as chemotherapy or steroids
Trauma at the affected area, including sexual activity